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David Cano

David Cano

Pupils from intermediate or advanced levels are often asked to support their insights and opinions using the strategies and structures required for international exams. Rogers (2010) identifies outlining as a way to “… clearly state and explain opinions or preferences” (p. 404) and as a method to structure and classify information essential for the independent speaking task of the TOEFL test. Moreover, training on visual literacy, which is the ability to “understand, and ultimately to think, create, and communicate graphically” (Thibault & Walbert, 2007), can help learners make their use of sophisticated expressions within an outline memorable. This reflection embraces the work done in an EFL context with advanced and intermediate level students who were instructed on how to organize their ideas using a technique called “the Crocodile” that combines outlining and visual literacy.